skip to Main Content

Welcome

Celebrating 80 Years Of Service!

The American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy (AAOA) represents over 2,700 Board-certified otolaryngologists and health care providers. Otolaryngology, frequently referred to as Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT), uniquely combines medical and surgical expertise to care for patients with a variety of conditions affecting the ears, nose, and throat, as well as commonly related conditions. AAOA members devote part of their practice to the diagnosis and treatment of allergic disease. The AAOA actively supports its membership through education, research, and advocacy in the care of allergic patients.

"Advance the comprehensive management of allergy and inflammatory disease in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery through training, education, and advocacy."

ADVOCACY UPDATES

CARES Act and Public Health Emergency Funds Allocation

The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) announced how it plans to allocate the…

Read more

CARES Act Provider Relief Fund Additional Information

AMA Updates on CARES Act Today the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) provided…

Read more

Interim Package and Resuming Non-COVID Care

Sharing the latest on the interim package and the news from CMS about resuming non-COVID…

Read more

Changes in MACRA

Macra 101 Image

Before the close of 2017, all physicians must take action to avoid the 4 percent cut that will be assessed in 2019 for not participating in the new Quality Payment Program (QPP) authorized by the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA).  Read More

CMS Announces Changes in MACRA Implementation Timeline. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) announced major changes to the implementation of the Medicare Access and CHIP Re-authorization (MACRA).
Read More

Upcoming Dates

12/01/22: Research Grant Cycle
Learn more

04/01/23: Fellow Exam Application Deadline
Learn more

06/01/23: Research Grant Cycle
Learn more

06/26/23: Membership Application Deadline to be eligible for AAOA Member rate for the 2023 Basic Course

07/01/23: Scientific Abstract Submission Deadline
Learn more

EDUCATION

The hybrid 2023 AAOA Advanced Course in Allergy & Immunology will take place from Thursday, March 30 - Saturday, April 1, 2023 at the Hythe, Vail, CO (formerly known as the Vail Marriott Mountain Resort). The live–stream content and pre-work will be made available to virtual attendees and live attendees via the Whova app with the pre-work content releasing on March 1, 2023. Learn More and Register Now

RESIDENTS

For information about Resident opportunities, DosedDaily, research grants, and other resources. Learn More

IFAR

Available Now

aaoaf-ifar

IFAR Impact Factor: 2.454

IFAR Featured Content: COVID-19 - Free Access
Endonasal instrumentation and aerosolization risk in the era of COVID‐19: simulation, literature review, and proposed mitigation strategies . Read More

Changes in Managing Practices

Working together with AAOA staff, volunteer leadership and members will enable us to have a positive impact on our members’ practices.

Read More

Live and Online CME

AAOA Educational Stacks
October 15-December 31, 2022

2023 AAOA Advanced Course in Allergy & Immunology
March 30 - April 1, 2023
The Hythe Vail
Formerly the Vail Marriott Mountain Resort
Learn More and Register

2023 AAOA Basic Course in Allergy & Immunology
June 29 – July 1, 2023
Hyatt Regency Seattle
Learn More and Register

2023 AAOA Annual Meeting
September 28 – September 30, 2023
Embassy Suites by Hilton Nashville Downton

USP 797 Online Module
Learn More and Register

News and Updates

CRS with/without Nasal Polyps Podcast Series: Common Co-morbidities

In the second episode of CRS with/without Nasal Polyps Podcast Series: Common Co-morbidities, Jennifer Villwock,…

Read more

CRS with/without Nasal Polyps Podcast Series: From Immune Pathways to Clinical Practice

In the first episode of CRS with/without Nasal Polyps Podcast Series: From Immune Pathways to Clinical…

Read more
College Allergy Symptoms Treatment Back to Shcool

PRACTICE RESOURCES

AAOA Practice Resource Tool Kit

The American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy (AAOA) Practice Resource Tool Kit is intended as a guide to help AAOA members integrate allergy into their otolaryngology practice and to continually improve on this integration as new information, regulations, and resources become available.

Read More

PARTNER RESOURCE CENTER

AAOA has launched a Partner Resource Center to bring you partner resources that can assist your practice and patient care.

Visit the New Center>

PATIENT CORNER

AAOA Logo

About Us

AAOA SCOPE OF KNOWLEDGE: ALLERGY AND ASTHMA

You can also download The Scope of Knowledge PDF.

I Epidemiology

A. Prevalence

  • i Regional
  • ii Change Over Time

B. Populations at risk

  • i Genetic associations
  • ii Environmental associations

C. Socioeconomic impact of disease

  • i Direct cost
  • ii Indirect costs
  • iii Quality of life

II Science of the Sites of Allergic Inflammation

A. Anatomy, Histology, physiology, pathophysiology of:

  • i Nose and paranasal sinuses
  • ii Pharynx
  • iii Ear/Eustachian Tubes
  • iv Larynx/Trachea
  • v Lungs
  • vi Eye
  • vii Skin
  • viii Gastrointestinal tract

B. Basic physiology, pathophysiology, and principles of:

  • i Mucociliary function
  • ii Smell and taste
  • iii Auditory/vestibular function
  • iv Voice
  • v Respiratory function
  • vi Deglutition
  • vii Ocular protection mechanisms
    • 1 Naso–lacrimal function
    • 2 Conjunctival function
  • viii GI function

III Basic Science

A. Basic components, concepts and applications pertinent to Allergy:

  • i Immunology
    • 1. Function
      • a. General aspects
        • i Recognition
        • ii Surveillance
        • iii Amplification
        • iv Memory
      • b. Triggers of the immune response
        • i Allergens, haptens, epitopes, parasites, macromolecules
      • c. Categories of response
        • i Innate
        • ii Adaptive
    • 2. Components
      • a. Inflammatory cells
        • i Macrophages (APC)
        • ii Lymphoid
          • 1 T–cells
          • 2 B–Cells
          • 3 Null cells
        • iii Granulocytes
          • 1 Mast Cells/basophils
          • 2 Eosinophils
          • 3 Neutrophils
          • 4 Platelets
      • b. Immunoglobulins
        • i G
        • ii A
        • iii M
        • iv D
        • v E
      • c. Inflammatory mediators
        • i Cytokines
        • ii Chemokines
        • iii Vasoactive amines
        • iv Leukotrienes
        • v Prostaglandins
        • vi Complement
  • ii Endocrinology
  • iii Neurology
  • iv Molecular cell biology
  • v Genetics

B. Physiology and pathophysiology

  • i Immunology
    • 1. Cellular communication
      • a. Direct contact
        • i Antigen specific
      • b. Cytokine/Chemokine mediated
        • i Non-antigen specific
    • 2. Inflammatory pathways
      • a. Cellular
        • i Microphage
        • ii Granulocyte
          • 1 Mast Cell/Basophils
          • 2 Eosinophil
      • b Non-cellular
        • i Complement
        • ii Arachadonic Acid cascade
        • iii Other
    • 3. Immune sensitization
      • a Memory
    • 4. Hypersensitivity (Gel and Coombs)
      • a I
      • b II
      • c III
      • d IV
      • e V
      • f VI
  • ii Allergic response (Type I)
    • 1 Allergy sensitization
      • a Antigen processing
      • b T-cell
      • c B-cell
      • d IgE
      • e Mast cell
    • 2 Subsequent exposure—trigger
      • a Mast Cell
        • i Antigen crosslinking
        • ii Degranulation
          • 1 Preformed mediators
          • 2 Newly synthesized mediators
          • 3 Cytokines
      • b Early phase response
      • c Late phase response
        • i Cellular Components
      • d Priming
  • iii Microbiology
    • 1 Parasitology
    • 2 Bacteriology
    • 3 Virology
    • 4 Mycology
  • iv Endocrinology
  • v Neurology
  • vi Molecular cell biology
  • vii Genetics
  • viii Nutrition

IV Diseases, Disorders, and Conditions

A. Differential diagnosis of inflammatory disease:

  • i Nose/paranasal sinus
  • ii Otologic
  • iii Laryngopharyngeal
  • iv Tracheobronchial
  • v Thoracic/Pulmonary
  • vi Gastrointestinal
  • vii Ocular
  • viii Cutaneous

B. Immunologic disorders

  • i. Allergic diseases
    • 1. Allergic Rhinitis
    • 2. Allergic conjunctivitis
    • 3. Otologic disease
      • a. Otitis media
      • b. Meniere’s
      • c. Otitis externa
      • d. Eustachian tube dysfunction
    • 4. Asthma
    • 5 Dermatitis
      • a. Eczema
      • b. Contact
      • c. Urticaria/Angioedema
    • 6. Allergic laryngitis
    • 7. Gastrointestinal
      • a. Eosinophilic esophagitis
  • ii Co-morbid conditions impacted by allergy
    • 1. Rhinosinusitiss
    • 2. Otitis media
    • 3. Eustachian tube dysfunction
    • 4. Disordered sleep
    • 5. Laryngeal/pharyngeal/esophageal disorders
      • a. GERD
    • 6. Asthma
  • iii Immunodeficiency
  • iv Autoimmune diseases

V Diagnostics and Assessment Procedures

A. History

  • i Symptoms
    • 1. Onset, duration, severity
    • 2. Triggers
    • 3. Exacerbating or ameliorating factors
  • ii Exposures
    • 1. Temporal relationships
      • a. Intermittent
      • b. Persistent
    • 2. Identifiable antigen
      • a. Aeroantigens (Inhalants)
      • b. Ingestants
      • c. Contactants
      • d. Injectants
  • iii Co-morbid conditions
    • 1. Rhinosinusitiss
    • 2. Otitis media
    • 3. Eustachian tube dysfunction
    • 4. Disordered sleep
    • 5. Laryngeal/pharyngeal/esophageal disorders
      • a. GERD
    • 6. Asthma
    • 7. Ocular
  • iv Family/childhood history

B. Physical examination

  • i Face
  • ii Ears
  • iii Nose/Paranasal sinues
  • iv Oro/Nasopharynx
  • v Laryngotracheal
  • vi Pulmonary
  • vii Skin

C. Adjunctive testing: Indications, limitations, and normal and pathologic findings:

  • i Ears
    • 1. Audiovestibular testing
  • ii Nose
    • 1. Acoustic rhinometry/rhinomanometry
    • 2. Nasal cytology/biopsy
    • 3. Nasal/paranasal sinus culture
    • 4. Nasal endoscopy
    • 5. Olfactory testing
    • 6. Radiologic testing
  • iii Larynx
    • 1. Laryngoscopy
  • iv Pulmonary
    • 1. Pulmonary function testing
    • 2. Radiologic testing
  • v Sleep
    • 1. Polysomnography

D. Allergy testing:

    • i Antigen selection
      • 1. Antigen characteristics
        • a. Aeroallergen physical characteristics
        • b. Biologic activity/potency
        • c. Antigen cross reactivity
        • d. Antigen extraction/standardization
      • 2. Aeroallergen distribution
        • a. Principles of distribution
        • b. Local and Regional differences
      • ii Aeroallergen tests
        • 1. Expanded specific allergen testing
          • a. In vivo
            • i Principles of in vivo testing
              • 1. Pathophysiology of the skin whealing response
                • a. Immediate response
                • b. Delayed response
              • 2. Factors that affect the skin whealing response
            • ii Specific methodologies
              • 1. Percutaneous (Prick) testing
                • a. Single percutaneous (prick) testing
                • b. Multi percutaneous (prick) testing
              • 2. Intradermal testing
                • a. Single intradermal testing
                • b. Intradermal dilutional testing
              • 3. Blended techniques of in vivo testing
              • 4. Scratch testing (mentioned only for historical purposes)
              • 5. Provocation
          • b. In vitro
            • i Principles of in vitro testing
            • ii Methodologies
    • 2. Principles of the allergen screen
      • iii Ingestants (Food Allergy)
        • 1. History
          • a. Food diary
          • b. Anaphylaxis
        • 2. Testing
      • iv Injectants
      • v Contactants
        • 1. Contact tests (patch)

E. Immunologic Evaluation (including rheumatologic)

      • i Humoral
      • ii Cellular

VI Allergy Treatment

A. Environmental control
B. Pharmacotherapy/pharmacology

      • i Antihistamines
      • ii Decongestants
      • iii Mast cell stabilizers
      • iv Mucolytics
      • v Leukotriene modifiers
      • vi Corticosteroids

C. Dietary control

D. Immunotherapy

    • i. Desensitization
      • 1. Route of delivery
        • a. Subcutaneous
        • b. Mucosal (e.g., sublingual)
      • 2. Mechanism of action/li>
      • 3. Indications/contraindications
      • 4. Antigen dosing
        • a. Starting dose
        • b. Escalation
        • c. Maintenance
        • d Withdrawal
      • 5. Mixing of treatment vial
      • 6. Duration of therapy
      • 7. Outcomes of immunotherapy
    • ii Monoclonal antibody

VII Allergy Emergencies


A. Epidemiology

  • i Risk factors
  • ii Recognition
  • iii Differential diagnosis

B. Management

  • i High-risk population recognition
  • ii Preparation
  • iii Prevention
  • iii Intervention
scope

Register For Live Classes

2017 Advanced Course in Allergy & Immunology
December 6-9 | Vail, CO.
Learn more and Register

2018 Interactive Allergy & Rhinology Course
February 22-24 | Dallas, TX
Save the Date

2018 Basic Course in Allergy & Immunology
July 5-7 | Hollywood, FL
Save the Date

2018 AAOA Annual Meeting
September 14-16 | Philadelphia, PA
Save the Date

Clinical Insights With Wiley
Start Learning Now

Spotlight/News

Recent Blog Articles

Starting an Allergy Practice

The essential tools and pearls for a successful allergy…

Read more

A Message From AAOA President, Wesley VanderArk, MD, FAAOA

July 2021 marks an almost 18 month journey through…

Read more

Project N95 Continues to Negotiate Lower Costs

As the challenges of the pandemic change, Project N95…

Read more

* Adapted from Marple, BF, et al. “American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy CME Report: Allergy, Scope of Knowledge.” Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, 136(1): 8-10, 2007 Jan

Back To Top